Thursday, December 22, 2011

Is the FBI Tracking Suspects With Carrier IQ Phone Data

First the state of Texas wants to use UAV's to patrol our Nations cities, then we find out cell phone manufacturers are inserting data tracking software into our phones. When does the invasion of our privacy stop. Now we are hearing that the FBI may be using Carrier IQ data to track potential suspects. Our rights to privacy are slowly but surely being taken away daily. We as people need to speak up and demand our right to privacy be upheld and US Federal Laws are followed, no matter what agency or entity decides to trample on them.

The FBI has refused to answer a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to confirm weather or not they are using information from the snoop software to build cases against suspects.Stating it would jeopardize current cases.The FBI's denial to the FOIA request tells me that they are probably using the snoop software in some capacity.

Michael Morisy co-founder MuckRock filed the FOIA request on December 1st. Morisy requested, documents, manuals and other information pertinent to the FBI's use of the snoop software. David Hardy, section manager of the FBI’s Records Management Group stated “The material you requested is located in an investigative file which is exempt from disclosure. In applying this exemption, I have determined that the records responsive to your request are law enforcement records; that there is a pending or prospective law enforcement proceeding relevant to these responsive records; and that release of the information contained in these responsive records could reasonably be expected to interfere with the enforcement proceedings.”

------------------------------------------------
 The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States:

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

------------------------------------------------- 
 
FOURTH AMENDMENT SEARCH AND SEIZURE
 
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/constitution/html/amdt4.html


      

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Macomb Man Arrested After Homeland Security Investigates Shipment from China

A homeland Security investigation leads to the arrest of 26 year old Eric Hardt after a package from China is intercepted by US Customs. Hardt is facing several controlled substance charges, after agents set up a sting operation at Hardts residence where they found him with the open package. Homeland Security claims the package contained 1,000 tablets and 25 vials of anabolic steroids addressed to a residence in Macomb. They are also claiming Hardt was arrested with hyrdocodone on hand, but they do not say if the rec drugs have anything to do with the intercepted package, or if it was a scripted medication..

These busts are happening more and more frequently. Domestic busts and even international arrests are at an all time high, and it won't slow down anytime soon. With the amount of gear seized in this arrest we can see that it is obviously personal amounts. The amount of gear listed here may be just enough for a cycle or two. This goes to show that Home Land Security who should be stopping illegals from crossing into our country, would rather fight the war on personal use steroids. Be careful friends.

Monday, December 12, 2011

Big Steroids Bust in Poland!

 Steroids Bust in Poland Disrupts European Black Market

A major steroids bust in Poland has disrupted the European black market for anabolic steroids and performance-enhancing drugs. Over 250 police officers and customs agents were involved in the largest law enforcement operation to target illegal steroid distribution in the history of Poland.
The Biura Kryminalnego KGP (national police) and Służby Celnej (customs) raided residences and detained 23 members of the underground criminal group at exactly 6:00AM in 10 provinces around the country.
Police seized over one million units of anabolic steroids and human growth hormone valued in excess of $10 million. They confiscated $500,000 in cash, luxury automobiles (BMW, Mercedes, Nissan, Volkswagen) valued at $900,000, computers, storage devices and mobile phones.
In addition, $2.2 million in assets were frozen in bank accounts belonging to individuals involved in the steroid ring.
Some of the individuals detained during the raid were said to have been past and present athletes involved in strength sports. The detainees included several national and international champions as well as other elite athletes according to the official press release.
The steroid investigation was headed by the prosecutor’s office in Kraków. The defendants are facing numerous charges related to the distribution of anabolic steroid and money laundering.
Source:
Policja. (December 8, 2011). Uderzenie w podziemie anabolikowe. Retrieved from Policja.pl – Aktualno


Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Senator Al Franken Spearheads Investigation into Carrier IQ Snoop Software

Minnesota Senator Al Franken head of the Senate's privacy panel is spearheading the investigation into Carrier IQ. Carrier IQ has potentially violated multiple federal statutes. The Senator is asking questions and is holding AT&T, Sprint, HTC and Samsung accountable to explain exactly what data they retrieved using the snoop software. They have been given until December 14, to respond.There is no penalty for not responding by this date, however the companies are probably very concerned with the possibility of multiple civil law suits, accusing them of violating laws like the Federal Wiretap Act and the Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. It is very common that companies do however respond to requests of this type. ~ NML

Monday, December 5, 2011

US Undercover Agents Launder and Smuggle Money For Mexican Cartels

Undercover US anti drug agents, mostly US DEA have smuggled and laundered millions of dollars for Mexican drug cartels, in an effort to find out how they move their money, root out their leaders, and find out where they keep their assets, reports the New York Times Sunday paper. DEA officials declined to discuss the details of the operations, citing concerns of compromising their investigations. Critics claim these operations violate the law, and are turning these agencies into criminals themselves.

“My rule was that if we are going to launder money, we better show results. Otherwise, the D.E.A. could wind up being the largest money launderer in the business, and that money results in violence and deaths.”

Since 2006, when the government of Mexico decided to launch military action against these cartels, some 45,000 people have been killed. The cartels have terrorized border towns as they battle over lucrative smuggling routes.

US agents have deposited proceeds in accounts designated by drug traffickers, or into shell accounts set up by agents. As undercover agents launder drug money, the agency often allows cartels to continue their operations over months or even years before making seizures or arrests,  said the New York Times Sunday paper.

Michael Vigil, a former senior official, working for a private contracting company named Mission Essential Personnel, was quoted by the paper saying: "We tried to make sure there was always close supervision of these operations so that we were accomplishing our objectives, and agents weren’t laundering money for the sake of laundering money."

Sunday, December 4, 2011

New Rochelle Man Arrested for Prescription Steroids

Nicholas Gary, a New Rochelle man was arrested for possession of prescription drugs, and prescription steroids. He was pulled over on November 25 when Harrison Police found he was driving a vehicle that belonged to a driver with a suspended license. Police reports say that after searching the car, there were several prescription drugs found.

Gary was placed under arrest for driving on a suspended license, a misdemeanor, and also for criminal possession of a controlled substance in the 7th degree. In the car police seized a vial of testosterone, a spray bottle of a substance labeled "testosterone homeopathic organotherapy", a plastic bag containing sample boxes of zyprexa and unopened syringes. Gary told Harrison Police a doctor at St. Vincent's Hospital gave him free samples of drugs to treat his bipolar disorder, as he did not have medical insurance. It is unclear weather this was looked into by Harrison Police.

Police withheld the Zyprexa, and the syringes and released Gary on $200.00 bail. Ordered to return to court on November 29.

We will update our readers with new information as it comes in. ~ NML

Saturday, December 3, 2011

T-Mobile, AT&T, Sprint Recording our Conversations???

First the news broke that Android applications were snooping on users and sending the snooped information to a third party called Carrier IQ. Now in a fit of honesty, three major phone manufacturers have admitted to using the not so honest applications in our phones.Carrier IQ is trying to deny any wrong doing over the spying.

The Phone manufacturers have also been very hush hush on how exactly they will be using the stolen information.

AT&T has confirmed using the software, but only for legitimate services and quality related purposes. Mark Siegel, executive director of media relations at AT&T, says "We're really not going to offer more detail than what's in the statement." So in turn their not telling us if Carrier IQ is in all of their hand sets or not.

I have heard, but not been able to confirm that Carrier IQ is in everything IPhone related up to but not including IOS 5. I suggest you upgrade your phone ASAP. Apple is also being a little hush hush on which products are using Carrier IQ. Here is what apple says about the snoop software: “We stopped supporting Carrier IQ with 5 in most of our products and will remove it completely in a future software update. With any diagnostic data sent to Apple, customers must actively opt-in to share this information, and if they do, the data is sent in an anonymous and encrypted form and does not include any personal information. We never recorded keystrokes, messages or any other personal information for diagnostic data and have no plans to ever do so.”

T-Mobile is admitting to using Carrier IQ as a diagnostic tool similar to the way Sprint is using the application. Here is what a T-Mobile Spokesperson has to say: "T-Mobile does not use this diagnostic tool to obtain the content of text, email or voice messages, or the specific destinations of a customers' internet activity, nor is the tool used for marketing purposes." Personally I have a hard time believing they don't but then again who am I?

Sprint is also admitting to using the snoop app, but also claiming it is only for legitimate services. "I am concerned what the definition of legit is to these corporate snoops", although Sprint is a little more willing to discuss things than AT&T. spokeswoman Stephanie Vinge-Walsh said Sprint uses Carrier IQ's data to work out handset performance and to identify problems sooner: "We collect enough information to understand the customer experience with devices on our network and how to address any connection problems, but we do not and cannot look at the contents of messages, photos, videos, etc., using this tool.... The information collected is not sold and we don't provide a direct feed of this data to anyone outside of Sprint."

The explanations that these corporations are giving is not very encouraging to me. I think it opens up a can of worms just because the information has been collected. In an instance where one of these companies is subpoenaed by law enforcement, private conversations will more than likely be given up. Are we living in a police state in the USA today? THis whole thing is very unsettling to me. ~ NML

Saturday, November 26, 2011

More young men are using Creatine to build muscle

http://www.ibwire.com/creatine-to-build-muscle/

NEW YORK, NY – (IBWire.com November 21, 2011) - More and more young men are using Creatine to supplement their weight lifting in order to build muscles according to industry experts.

Creatine is a natural chemical produced in the body by amino acids and stored mainly in the skeletal muscles with little amounts found in the brain and heart. Creatine is found also in proteins such as red meats and fish, and is also becoming popular among athletes and bodybuilders by consuming creatine supplements in either capsule or powder form for quick digestion.

Most athletes and bodybuilders prefer the chemical to anabolic steroids because of its ability to build muscle mass and enhance performance during intense, brief sports activities and workouts such as sprints and weightlifting. Studies are also showing that athletes performing endurance activities such as running and aerobics can advance from creatine as well although these studies are yet to have any conclusive evidence. Athletes taking creatine supplementation is a controversial subject even though it doesn't seem to have similar side effects of illegal performance enhancing drugs, it still is known as a performance enhancer and many feel it should be restricted from use in professional sports.
Creatine has been noted to decrease muscle fatigue, and has also been noted to strengthen the muscles and is used by some patients who have experienced muscle weakness due to injury, surgery, or certain conditions such as Parkinson's, arthritis, muscular dystrophy, Huntington's disease, congestive heart failure, myasthenia gravis, Lou Gehrig's disease (ALS), and McArdle's disease. Please consult your local doctor before consuming any new supplementation, medication, exercise, or change of diet.

Friday, November 25, 2011

St. Charles County bodybuilders face drug charges

Two bodybuilders have been charged with the illegal use and distribution of HGH in St. Charles County.

According the the US Attorneys office of Eastern Missouri, Gregory L. Loomans, 40, of St. Charles, and Keith E. Ashabranner, 32, of O'Fallon, were indicted by a federal grand jury.

The indictment claims that the two purchased steroids, and HGH, used some for personal use, distributed the rest to each other, and bodybuilders in gyms around  St. Charles Missouri County.

The indictment charged them with one felony count of conspiracy to distribute human growth hormone.The charge carries a maximum penalty of five years in prison and or a maximum fine of $250,00.00. 
 
The U.S. DEA, the FDA and the Missouri South Central Drug Task Force investigated the case with assistance from the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Office of Homeland Security Investigations.

Ya know, I am so glad these two criminals have been taken off the street. I'm sure my family will be so much safer at night, and I should sleep much better. It's a real shame our country is once again wasting money on these kind of investigations. On a daily basis I see crack dealers, junkies, pimps , gang members and a plethora of far more dangerous people walking around free on our streets, but our government chooses to go after the guys who sell a little growth hormone. 

We are living in a country where people don't have health insurance, 1 of 10 struggle with hunger issues. When will the people of the US demand that our Govt. get their priorities straight. ~ NML

Thursday, November 24, 2011

Officer pleads guilty to drug charges

NORFOLK, Va. (WAVY) - A Norfolk police officer plead guilty to two drug charges in court Wednesday.
37-year-old Kristen Wayne Harris was indicted back in Aug. on ten counts of selling/distributing anabolic steroids and one count possession with the intent to distribute marijuana.
Harris plead guilty to the marijuana charge and allegations that he had and sold steroids.
Harris, of the 4800 block of Kempsville Greens Parkway in Virginia Beach, was employed with the department at the same time the offenses occurred. He resigned from the force in June.
Harris will be sentenced February 29.

Monday, November 21, 2011

The Responsibility of Board Staff to Their Members

Just watching and reading what is going on with some of the boards in our community regarding the possible bust of an unnamed board owner/source. I have to say the ultimate responsibility lies with the owners and admins who come across this information before members normally do. If an admin/mod knows that a source is or is probably compromised, is it the responsibility of the board to report this to the members who support that board? This is a question I have been thinking about for some time now. Who does the board look out for in these situations, the sources reputation, or the members safety? To me the answer is clear. In my opinion I feel the responsibility is to the members, always. Members safety is the most important safety concern boards should have. With out the members the boards have absolutely nothing. On top of that, the members trust that the boards they frequent will keep their safety in mind when it comes to issues of safety.

I decided to blog on this topic as I wish all board owners and staff will think about this, and take this issue seriously. Our community and the safety of members depends on it. There have been too many times where a member has been compromised either financially or legally when key people had information they decided to sit on instead of letting people know only to possibly save the reputation of sources. I fully understand the importance of protecting sources as well, but it is much easier for a source to regain his rep than it is for members to serve a jail sentence or collect on funds sent to a compromised source. Stay safe friends ~ NML

Saturday, September 24, 2011

The Woodlands, Texas, Investigators from Montgomery county have arrested James Joseph Harnett oncharges of possessing 50 grams of steroids.

Harnett, 30, is being held for possession of a controlled substance.The Montgomery County sheriff’s office Special Investigations Unit served a search warrant at approximately 11:15 a.m. on Thursday at his apartment in the 2100 block of Sawdust.

The arrest was part of an ongoing investigation into the local distribution, and manufacturing of AAS and HGH in Montgomery and Harris counties. Investigators seized lab supplies and other lab components along with a couple pounds of liquid and powder growth hormone.

Harnett is accused of having approximately 50 grams of illegal growth hormones along with numerous vials and counterfeit labels.    

Friday, September 23, 2011

Domestic Under Ground Lab Busted

We were a little late on this article as we have been tied up recently with other tasks. Sorry for the delay, we will get back on the ball soon. No pun intended.


By JONATHAN PARKER/Star-Tribune Staff Writer BLAIRS - Pittsylvania County Sheriff's Office last week arrested a county man accused of selling anabolic steroids from China over the Internet.

Steven Donald Wood of 4013 Pittwood Drive, Danville, faces five charges of money laundering and two charges of distributing anabolic steroids.

Wood, 33, was arrested early Thursday morning when county officers and federal agents with the Department of Homeland Security searched his business at 3801 U.S. 29 in Blairs, according to arrest warrants.

Wood allegedly received raw powder anabolic steroids from Shanghai, China, according to documents filed in Pittsylvania County General District Court.

Monday, September 12, 2011

Art Artwood Dead at 37

Wow we received the news about IFBB  Professional Body Builder Art Artwood passing away, but needed to be sure and double check sources before going public with the information. The circumstances regarding Arts death at this point are still unclear. However we have heard that Art was at a pool party with friends and somehow lost consciousnesses. We are not sure if Artwood fell in the pool, or if he jumped in, but according to witnesses, party goers had to remove him from the water where he was already blue. We will not get into Arts career in this blog or his other unfortunate circumstances in the recent past. RIP Art, you will be missed. This seems to be happening all too frequently as of late.

Monday, September 5, 2011

Luke Wood dies after kidney transplant

Australians are mourning yet another loss after Aussie BodyBuilder Luke Wood dies from complications of kidney transplant. I would like to express my deepest condolences to the family, friends and fans of  Luke Wood.

Luke died last Wednesday during surgery at WestMed hospital, just weeks before he was supposed to be married. Information suggests Luke was having problems with his body rejecting the newly transplanted Kidney.

Luke retired from Bodybuilding in 2009 when his kidneys started to fail.  He was one of only a handful of Aussie Bodybuilders to have competed at the prestigious Arnold Classic.

"He will go down as one of Australia's greatest ever bodybuilders and a humble and genuinely nice person," one online tribute said yesterday.
His good friend Phil Primmer said: "It is with every ounce of sadness that I say goodbye to my brother, my mate and my biggest inspiration in bodybuilding."

Luke We and the BB community will miss you. You were definitely an inspiration to a lot of this community. GodSpeed my Brother - NML

Friday, August 26, 2011

Toxicity of Aromatase Inhibitors May Explain Lack of Overall Survival Benefit

Taken from www.knowbreastcancer.org

August 23, 2011
In a review published in this month's Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Dr. Eitan Amir and colleagues examined whether the relative toxicity of Aromatase Inhibitors (AIs) versus tamoxifen might explain the lack of overall survival benefit associated with AIs in breast cancer patients.  Aromatase Inhibitors (AIs), a class of endocrine therapy drugs used to treat postmenopausal breast cancer patients, are associated with improvements in disease-free survival but not overall survival.  Amir and colleagues at Princess Margaret Hospital in Toronto conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials that compared aromatase inhibitors and tamoxifen as primary adjuvant endocrine therapy in postmenopausal women.  Their meta-analysis consisted of seven trials enrolling 30,023 patients.
The researchers found that compared to tamoxifen, longer use of AIs was associated with an increased odds of cardiovascular disease and bone fractures, but lower rates of blood clots and endometrial cancer.  There was no difference in the risk of second cancers or stroke in patients receiving tamoxifen vs. AIs.  Furthermore, use of AIs for 2-3 years after initial treatment with tamoxifen was associated with a lower risk of death from other causes (without breast cancer recurrence) compared to the use of tamoxifen or AIs alone for 5 years.  The authors conclude that "The cumulative toxicity of aromatase inhibitors when used as up–front treatment may explain the lack of overall survival benefit despite improvements in disease–free survival. Switching from tamoxifen to aromatase inhibitors reduces this toxicity and is likely the best balance between efficacy and toxicity." 
In an accompanying editorial, Dr. Nancy Davidson and colleagues write that physicians should "choose initial endocrine therapy for the individual patient with careful attention to the risk of breast cancer recurrence, the risk of toxicity, and comorbidities."  Since this meta-analysis and another suggest that switching strategies may be effective, the authors conclude that "we should not ditch the switch.”

Monday, August 22, 2011

Staten Island Bagel Shop Busted In Massive Drug Sting

  Are people really this DUMB? Yeah, I guess they are. I mean who in their right mind would ever think it would be a good idea to combine a deli with selling illegal drugs over the counter? I think people get caught up with fast cash and all the benefits that come with fast money, and forget about the consequences. Consequences that will follow you around for a life time.

Check out this article I found about a deli and it's employees selling illicit drugs over the counter. Not a lot going on in the world of AAS the last few days, so I figured I would post this up purely for entertainment value. I can tell by the site visits, our loyal readers are looking for interesting reads. Anabolic Scene's loyal readers are coming back, and we appreciate it. ~ NoMoreLies


At Nel-Boy Bagels in Great Kills, customers could get a side of oxycodone with their bacon, egg and cheese sandwich, prosecutors allege.

The deli, located on Amboy Road near Nelson Avenue, took front and center over the weekend in a prescription drug and gun bust that netted 25 loosely connected suspects across the borough's East and South shores, according to District Attorney Daniel Donovan's office.

The defendants in "Operation Bitter Pill" run the gamut from hardened criminals who have done state prison time to small business owners to former high school athletes, and, in one instance, a Dean's list student at Wagner College.

"I think what is dangerous about this is, unlike some of the other operations that we've taken down, which are organizations of people working for one leader, this was more of a loose group of people who had some affiliations," Donovan said yesterday.

It's alarming that so many people are independently selling prescription drugs, Donovan said. "I think it makes it very apparent of how widespread this problem is," he said.

GUN CHARGES
The investigation, which got its start in the fall of last year, is the latest in a series of busts aimed at curbing a fatal prescription drug epidemic that has engulfed the Island in recent years. This past March, authorities took down an alleged 31-person conspiracy prosecutors say sold painkillers out of an ice cream truck on the South Shore.

In addition to a slew of drug charges, the sweep also led to two arrests on gun sale and possession charges, after undercover officers purchased a Tec-9 and a modified 9-mm handgun. The gun sales were not directly related to the deli, officials said.

Douglas "Big Doug" Birstler, 29 was charged with with possessing and selling controlled substances.

His public Facebook.com profile says he owns D's Muscle Box, a nutrition supplement store at 3911 Amboy Rd., just down the road from Nel-Boy Bagels. In one post, he states he can get several "prohomones," or legal steroid alternatives, "that you (can't) find anymore," then rattles off the names of several products.

Anthony Sangiorgio, 24, was accused of selling and illegally possessing guns and drugs -- and it's not his first time in trouble with the law. Sangiorgio is one of three suspects with prison time in their past. He spent roughly seven months behind bars after police raided the New Springville basement apartment where he was living in 2007, and found a quarter-pound of cocaine, a digital scale, a loaded rifle, pills and pot.

Another suspect arrested on drug charges in the sweep, Anthony Gambadilla, 31, who goes by the nickname "Anthony Brighton," is on probation after an October 2010 mugging.

A third, Joseph Rainone, 45, has a criminal record dating back to at least 1997, and served two separate prison terms in domestic harassment cases. Most recently, he spent about a year and a half in prison after a 2004 criminal contempt conviction -- he had repeatedly telephoned a woman despite a judge's order not to contact her.

OXY OVER THE COUNTER

The small deli on Amboy Road, in the middle of busy Great Kills town, was just one spot where prescription drugs were being hawked, law enforcement officials said. The deli was closed yesterday, with newspaper deliveries sitting abandoned on the sidewalk outside.

The windows were plastered with advertisements for cold cut specials and the promise of an ATM inside the store -- but there was no mention of the $20-a-pill enterprise the district attorney's office and police commissioner alleged was going on at the store.

Deli owner Syed Rashid, or "Sam," 49, of the 200-block of Koch Blvd., Annadale, is charged with three counts of third-degree criminal sale of a controlled substance.

A law enforcement source said the deli was packed full of customers in the middle of the night when it was raided by police Thursday, leading to several misdemeanor charges for drug possession. In the back room, police found a "drug den," the source said, which included 100 glassine bags of heroine and 30 syringes.

"There's children that go into the deli to buy potato chips, to buy soda," Donovan said.

It's not the first time the deli has been in the news. It came under scrutiny in December, when Fox 5 aired a report alleging that underage customers were able to get the now-banned caffeine-booze mixture Four Loko there.

"We're going to try to take measures to close this establishment down for good," Donovan said.

Also charged is Rashid's daughter, Farha -- who made the dean's list at Wagner College in 2008.

Farha Rashid and her mother, Zareena Rashid, both face misdemeanor drug possession charges -- a law enforcement source said they were both present when detectives raided Rashid's house and found drugs.

TIPPED OFF

Authorities were tipped off to the deli operation through the South Shore Merchants Association, the group that handed out the "Thanks for Shopping in Great Kills" sign that can still be seen at Nel-Boy Bagels.

"It provides additional security for the towns and fosters communication and cooperation between the merchants, and the NYPD and the district attorney's office," said Councilman Vincent Ignizio (R-South Shore), who spearheaded the program.

He said he was thrilled with the success of the new program, and said the arrests should send a strong message. "Don't be selling this stuff in our local communities, because you will be met with harsh penalties, and you will be arrested," Ignizio said.
 
In all, undercover detectives with the NYPD's Staten Island Narcotics Bureau purchased 2,500 Oxycodone, 368 Percocet and 245 Xanax pills, 300 grams of cocaine and the two firearms from various defendants. They also seized 100 glassine bags of heroine, eight ounces of marijuana and six vehicles during the execution of search warrants.

Seventeen people face felony charges, and another eight face misdemeanor possession charges as a result of the sweep.

While people shopping and working near the deli wouldn't comment on the arrest -- one man said he wasn't trying to "make enemies" in the neighborhood -- Donovan said neighbors should step forward if they see something wrong. Tipsters can always remain anonymous, he said.

"There's more good people in the world than there are bad people," Donovan said. "And if the good people band together and stop tolerating bad behavior from those very few...we'll be victorious."

By JILLIAN JORGENSEN
and JOHN ANNESE

 

Tuesday, August 16, 2011

Australians Acknowledge Steroid Use is Way Up.

STEROID abuse by everyday gym users is skyrocketing with thousands of people caught trying to import the drugs each year. 

The amount of steroids being smuggled into the country at airports and through the postal system has more than doubled in the past five years, according to Customs figures, reported The Daily Telegraph.

Customs made 2695 seizures of steroids and growth hormones in the year to July 2010, a 155 per cent increase on the 1054 seizures made in 2004-05.

An explosion of websites selling the drugs with claims of "discrete (sic) shipping" and "no customs" is behind the rise as amateur body builders seek to exploit countries with lax drug regulations.

"The majority of performance-enhancing drugs are detected at the international mail gateways and are generally from internet sites located in overseas jurisdictions which do not exercise the same controls as Australia," a Customs spokesperson said.

Most of the drugs seized are being imported from the US, Thailand, Hong Kong, Bulgaria, China and the UK, Customs said.

The revelation comes after the death of 22-year-old Australian bodybuilder and online celebrity Aziz "Zyzz" Sergeyevich Shavershian, who died of an undiagnosed heart defect in a Thai sauna last week.

His brother Said, 25, was found in possession of an anabolic steroid during a police raid last month. The Fitness First personal trainer pleaded guilty and was fined $479.

Zyzz denied using steroids despite talking about riding "bicycles" - gym slang for using a cycle of steroids - on Facebook.

St Vincent's Hospital hormone expert Katherine Samaras said a dangerous culture had formed in the past decade in which more and more young men felt the need to have the perfect body.

"Many men don't have that body and feel quite pressured to use anabolic steroids to achieve that look which is just not possible without them," Ms Samaras said.

Men are doing irreversible damage to their bodies by using steroids, with some even injecting veterinary steroids and fertility drugs to increase their testosterone levels, she said.

"A lot of men are also using saunas and diuretics to lose weight ," she said. "This can lead to blood mineral disorders which can lead to fatal heart arrhythmia."She said websites promoting steroid use were preying on the insecurities of young men.

Monday, August 8, 2011

MLB Bans Deer Antler Spray

Look out for those antlers -- they could be detrimental to your baseball career.
No, the Texas Rangers players -- who popularized antler t-shirts and foam replicas during their run to last year's World Series -- need not be any more concerned than their brethren on other teams despite a Major League Baseball warning that misuse of deer antlers could get them suspended.
It's actually deer antler spray, which it turns out is being marketed as a potential replacement and dodge for would-be users of steroids.
Sports Illustrated first reported that MLB issued a warning to players in the major and minor leagues that the practice of using the spray under the tongue could be a problem because one brand of the product was added to MLB's list of "potentially contaminated nutritional supplements."
The broader issue is IGF-1, or insulin-like growth factor, which is in the velvet from antlers of immature deer. IGF-1 is banned by MLB because it can be used to affect a person's level of human growth hormone. The antlers are ground up and manufactured into a spray.
Makers of the spray claim it enhances performance, strength and endurance and that it's not detectable in the drug testing currently used by MLB. It can be detected in blood tests, which are not part of the baseball program.
But MLB's "contamination" warning is based on reports the spray can produce positive tests for methyltestosterone, which is a banned steroid.

Police Claim Norway Killer Used Illegal drugs Prior to Killings

Anders Behring Breivik, was under the influence of illegal drugs when he carried out the killings of ruling Labour Party's youth, who were attending a summer camp. In the 1500 page manifesto he posted online just before the killings took place, Anders Behring Breivik admitted he had been using anabolic steroids.  On July 26, his lawyer, Geir Lippestad, said his client had used drugs to keep him "strong, efficient and awake" as he bombed government offices in Oslo then went on a shooting rampage on the nearby island of Utoya.

"I can confirm that he had used illegal drugs. I do not want to comment on what kind of products, but he had consumed some," said police prosecutor Paal-Fredrik Hjor Kraby, adding the conclusion was based on blood test results.

The police prosecutor also said that the two psychiatrists appointed to evaluate Breivik's mental state in order to determine if he is fit to stand trial and can be held accountable had begun their work.
The two psychiatrists are scheduled to hand over their report by November 1.


So once again the yellow journalism of the US press has just jumped to conclusions about steroids being the cause for these killings. To me it seems as though the Norway killer was abusing a lot of substances other than AAS. In my humble opinion drugs were not the cause of this terrible crime against humanity. The cause of these horrific crimes seem to be nothing more than another twisted man running around spewing twisted beliefs. Drugs or no drugs I think these killings would have still taken place.

Saturday, August 6, 2011

31 Americans, 7 Afghans killed in helicopter crash

I realize this article has nothing to do with our community, but it has everything to do with our great country. I post this up with a heavy heart and wish we would just leave these God-Forsaken countries we always feel the need to police. To all my Brothers in Arms, I salute you. To the families of the fallen, I salute you also.

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — A military helicopter was shot down in eastern Afghanistan, killing 31 U.S. special operation troops, most of them from the elite Navy SEALs unit that killed al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, along with seven Afghan commandos. It was the deadliest single incident for American forces in the decade-long war.
The Taliban claimed they downed the helicopter with rocket fire while it was taking part in a raid on a house where insurgents were gathered in the province of Wardak late Friday. It said wreckage of the craft was strewn at the scene. A senior U.S. administration official in Washington said the craft was apparently shot down by insurgents. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because the crash is still being investigated.
NATO confirmed the overnight crash took place and that there "was enemy activity in the area." But it said it was still investigating the cause and conducting a recovery operation at the site. It did not release details or casualty figures.
"We are in the process of accessing the facts," said U.S. Air Force Capt. Justin Brockhoff, a NATO spokesman.
One current and one former U.S. official said that the dead included more than 20 Navy SEALs from SEAL Team Six, the unit that carried out the raid in Pakistan in May that killed bin Laden. They were being flown by a crew of the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment. Both officials spoke on condition of anonymity because families are still being notified.
None of those killed in the crash is believed to have been part of the SEALs mission that killed bin Laden, but they were from the same unit as the bin Laden team.
President Barack Obama mourned the deaths of the American troops, saying in a statement that the crash serves as a reminder of the "extraordinary sacrifices" being made by the U.S. military and its families. He said he also mourned "the Afghans who died alongside our troops."
The death toll would surpass the worst single day loss of life for the U.S.-led coalition in Afghanistan since the war began in 2001 — the June 28, 2005 downing of a military helicopter in eastern Kunar province. In that incident, 16 Navy SEALs and Army special operations troops were killed when their craft was shot down while on a mission to rescue four SEALs under attack by the Taliban. Three of the SEALs being rescued were also killed and the fourth wounded. It was the highest one-day death toll for the Navy Special Warfare personnel since World War II.

Monday, August 1, 2011

US Code Title 21,812 Schedule of Controlled Substances

Here the scheduling of drugs in the US.  I find this very interesting and informative. Stay safe loyal readers, and friends. Know what your doing as far as the law is concerned.

(a) Establishment
There are established five schedules of controlled substances, to be known as schedules I, II, III, IV, and V. Such schedules shall initially consist of the substances listed in this section. The schedules established by this section shall be updated and republished on a semiannual basis during the two-year period beginning one year after October 27, 1970, and shall be updated and republished on an annual basis thereafter.
 
(b) Placement on schedules; findings required
Except where control is required by United States obligations under an international treaty, convention, or protocol, in effect on October 27, 1970, and except in the case of an immediate precursor, a drug or other substance may not be placed in any schedule unless the findings required for such schedule are made with respect to such drug or other substance. The findings required for each of the schedules are as follows:
 
(1) Schedule I.—
(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
(B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.
 
(2) Schedule II.—
(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substances may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
 
(3) Schedule III.—
(A) The drug or other substance has a potential for abuse less than the drugs or other substances in schedules I and II.
(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
 
(4) Schedule IV.—
(A) The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.
(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.
 
(5) Schedule V.—
(A) The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.
(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.
(c) Initial schedules of controlled substances
Schedules I, II, III, IV, and V shall, unless and until amended [1] pursuant to section 811 of this title, consist of the following drugs or other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name, or brand name designated:
Schedule I
(a) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) Acetylmethadol.
(2) Allylprodine.
(3) Alphacetylmathadol.[2]
(4) Alphameprodine.
(5) Alphamethadol.
(6) Benzethidine.
(7) Betacetylmethadol.
(8) Betameprodine.
(9) Betamethadol.
(10) Betaprodine.
(11) Clonitazene.
(12) Dextromoramide.
(13) Dextrorphan.
(14) Diampromide.
(15) Diethylthiambutene.
(16) Dimenoxadol.
(17) Dimepheptanol.
(18) Dimethylthiambutene.
(19) Dioxaphetyl butyrate.
(20) Dipipanone.
(21) Ethylmethylthiambutene.
(22) Etonitazene.
(23) Etoxeridine.
(24) Furethidine.
(25) Hydroxypethidine.
(26) Ketobemidone.
(27) Levomoramide.
(28) Levophenacylmorphan.
(29) Morpheridine.
(30) Noracymethadol.
(31) Norlevorphanol.
(32) Normethadone.
(33) Norpipanone.
(34) Phenadoxone.
(35) Phenampromide.
(36) Phenomorphan.
(37) Phenoperidine.
(38) Piritramide.
(39) Propheptazine.
(40) Properidine.
(41) Racemoramide.
(42) Trimeperidine.
(b) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opium derivatives, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) Acetorphine.
(2) Acetyldihydrocodeine.
(3) Benzylmorphine.
(4) Codeine methylbromide.
(5) Codeine-N-Oxide.
(6) Cyprenorphine.
(7) Desomorphine.
(8) Dihydromorphine.
(9) Etorphine.
(10) Heroin.
(11) Hydromorphinol.
(12) Methyldesorphine.
(13) Methylhydromorphine.
(14) Morphine methylbromide.
(15) Morphine methylsulfonate.
(16) Morphine-N-Oxide.
(17) Myrophine.
(18) Nicocodeine.
(19) Nicomorphine.
(20) Normorphine.
(21) Pholcodine.
(22) Thebacon.
(c) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation, which contains any quantity of the following hallucinogenic substances, or which contains any of their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) 3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine.
(2) 5-methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxy amphetamine.
(3) 3,4,5-trimethoxy amphetamine.
(4) Bufotenine.
(5) Diethyltryptamine.
(6) Dimethyltryptamine.
(7) 4-methyl-2,5-diamethoxyamphetamine.
(8) Ibogaine.
(9) Lysergic acid diethylamide.
(10) Marihuana.
(11) Mescaline.
(12) Peyote.
(13) N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate.
(14) N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate.
(15) Psilocybin.
(16) Psilocyn.
(17) Tetrahydrocannabinols. Schedule II
(a) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following substances whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
(1) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiate.
(2) Any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in clause (1), except that these substances shall not include the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.
(3) Opium poppy and poppy straw.
(4) coca [3] leaves, except coca leaves and extracts of coca leaves from which cocaine, ecgonine, and derivatives of ecgonine or their salts have been removed; cocaine, its salts, optical and geometric isomers, and salts of isomers; ecgonine, its derivatives, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers; or any compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of any of the substances referred to in this paragraph.
(b) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) Alphaprodine.
(2) Anileridine.
(3) Bezitramide.
(4) Dihydrocodeine.
(5) Diphenoxylate.
(6) Fentanyl.
(7) Isomethadone.
(8) Levomethorphan.
(9) Levorphanol.
(10) Metazocine.
(11) Methadone.
(12) Methadone-Intermediate, 4-cyano-2-dimethylamino-4,4-diphenyl butane.
(13) Moramide-Intermediate, 2-methyl-3-morpholino-1, 1-diphenylpropane-carboxylic acid.
(14) Pethidine.
(15) Pethidine-Intermediate-A, 4-cyano-1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine.
(16) Pethidine-Intermediate-B, ethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate.
(17) Pethidine-Intermediate-C, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid.
(18) Phenazocine.
(19) Piminodine.
(20) Racemethorphan.
(21) Racemorphan.
(c) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any injectable liquid which contains any quantity of methamphetamine, including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers. Schedule III
(a) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a stimulant effect on the central nervous system:
(1) Amphetamine, its salts, optical isomers, and salts of its optical isomers.
(2) Phenmetrazine and its salts.
(3) Any substance (except an injectable liquid) which contains any quantity of methamphetamine, including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers.
(4) Methylphenidate.
(b) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system:
(1) Any substance which contains any quantity of a derivative of barbituric acid, or any salt of a derivative of barbituric acid.
(2) Chorhexadol.
(3) Glutethimide.
(4) Lysergic acid.
(5) Lysergic acid amide.
(6) Methyprylon.
(7) Phencyclidine.
(8) Sulfondiethylmethane.
(9) Sulfonethylmethane.
(10) Sulfonmethane.
(c) Nalorphine.
(d) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing limited quantities of any of the following narcotic drugs, or any salts thereof:
(1) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with an equal or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium.
(2) Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, non-narcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(3) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with a fourfold or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium.
(4) Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(5) Not more than 1.8 grams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(6) Not more than 300 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(7) Not more than 500 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, or not more than 25 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(8) Not more than 50 milligrams of morphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams with one or more active, nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
(e) Anabolic steroids. Schedule IV
(1) Barbital.
(2) Chloral betaine.
(3) Chloral hydrate.
(4) Ethchlorvynol.
(5) Ethinamate.
(6) Methohexital.
(7) Meprobamate.
(8) Methylphenobarbital.
(9) Paraldehyde.
(10) Petrichloral.
(11) Phenobarbital. Schedule V
Any compound, mixture, or preparation containing any of the following limited quantities of narcotic drugs, which shall include one or more nonnarcotic active medicinal ingredients in sufficient proportion to confer upon the compound, mixture, or preparation valuable medicinal qualities other than those possessed by the narcotic drug alone:
(1) Not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
(2) Not more than 100 milligrams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
(3) Not more than 100 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
(4) Not more than 2.5 milligrams of diphenoxylate and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit.
(5) Not more than 100 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.

Drug Tests, Anabolic Androgenic Steroids - The Methods Used

Hello Loyal Reader. I constantly see new members on the boards asking if  steroids, will make them fail drug tests. Well the answer would typically be no, but the question could be a bit more difficult to answer. There are certain mandates for certain circumstances. Typically a private employer can test for anything they want. Steroid testing tends to be more on the expensive side, and are not typically done for employment. Now keep in mind, if your company had reason to believe you were using illegal drugs, they could possibly have their employees tested for Anabolic, Androgenic Steroids (AAS).  Here is a cool little article I found that breaks down the testing panels, and what is typically looked for in these panels.


What drugs do tests detect?
Testing conducted according to SAMHSA’s guidelines checks for  five illicit drugs plus, in some cases, alcohol (ethanol, ethyl alcohol,  booze). These five illicit drugs are:
  • Amphetamines (meth, speed, crank, ecstasy)
  • THC (cannabinoids, marijuana, hash)
  • Cocaine (coke, crack)
  • Opiates (heroin, opium, codeine, morphine)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust)
However, most private employers are not limited in the number  of substances they can test for and may include drugs that individuals  legitimately and/or therapeutically take based on a physician’s prescription.  Although most private employers can test for any combination of drugs, there  are commonly selected “panels.”
The typical 8-Panel Test includes the above-mentioned  substances plus:
  • Barbiturates (phenobarbital, butalbital, secobarbital,  downers)
  • Benzodiazepines (tranquilizers like Valium, Librium, Xanax)
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)
The typical 10-Panel Test includes the 8-Panel Test plus:
  • Methadone (often used to treat heroin addiction)
  • Propoxyphene (Darvon compounds)
Testing can also be done for:
  • Hallucinogens (LSD, mushrooms, mescaline, peyote)
  • Inhalants (paint, glue, hairspray)
  • Anabolic steroids (synthesized, muscle-building hormones)
  • Hydrocodone (prescription medication known as Lortab,  Vicodin, Oxycodone)
  • MDMA (commonly known as Ecstasy)
Methods of testing:
There are a number of different bodily specimens that can be  chemically tested to detect evidence of recent drug use. Although some state  laws dictate which types of tests can be used, a number of options are  technologically feasible. Urine is the most commonly used specimen for illicit  drugs, reflecting SAMHSA’s guidelines, and breath is the most common for  alcohol, reflecting DOT’s guidelines.
Urine: Results of a urine test show the presence or absence of  drug metabolites in a person’s urine. Metabolites are drug residues that remain  in the body for some time after the effects of a drug have worn off. It is  important to note that a positive urine test does not necessarily mean a person  was under the influence of drugs at the time of the test. Rather, it detects  and measures use of a particular drug within the previous few days and has  become the defacto evidence of current use. Because alcohol passes rapidly  through the system, urine tests must be conducted very quickly after alcohol consumption  in order to ensure any degree of accuracy. For this reason, urine tests are  generally not helpful in detecting alcohol use as opposed to illicit and  prescription drug use, which is more easily traced in urine.
Breath: A breath-alcohol test is the most common test for  finding out how much alcohol is currently in the blood. The person being tested  blows into a breath-alcohol device, and the results are given as a number,  known as the Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC), which shows the level of  alcohol in the blood at the time the test was taken. BAC levels have been correlated  with impairment, and the legal limit of 0.08 for driving has been set in all  states. Under DOT regulations, a BAC of 0.02 is high enough to stop someone  from performing a safety-sensitive task for a specific amount of time (usually  between 8 and 24 hours) and a BAC reading of 0.04 or higher is considered to be  a positive drug test and requires immediate removal from safety-sensitive  functions. Under DOT regulations, a person who tests at the 0.04 BAC level may  not resume job duties until a specific return-to-duty process has been  successfully completed.
Other alternative specimens that can be used for detecting the  use of selected drugs of abuse include blood, hair, oral fluids and sweat.
Blood: A blood test measures the actual amount of alcohol or  other drugs in the blood at the time of the test. Blood samples provide an  accurate measure of the physiologically active drug present in a person at the  time the sample is drawn. Although blood samples are a better indicator of  recent consumption than urine samples, there is a lack of published data  correlating blood levels for drugs and impairment with the same degree of  certainty that has been established for alcohol. In cases of serious injury or  death as the result of an accident, the only way to determine legal  intoxication is through a blood specimen. There is also a very short detection  period, as most drugs are quickly cleared from the blood and deposited into the  urine.
Hair: Analysis of hair provides a much longer “testing  window,” giving a more complete drug-use history going back as far as 90 days.  Like urine testing, hair testing does not provide evidence of current  impairment, but rather only past use of a specific drug. Hair testing cannot be  used to detect for alcohol use. Hair testing is the least invasive form of drug  testing, therefore privacy issues are decreased.
Oral Fluids: Saliva, or oral fluids, collected from the mouth  also can be used to detect traces of drugs and alcohol. Oral fluids are easy to  collect (a swab of the inner cheek is the most common collection method),  harder to adulterate or substitute, and may be better at detecting specific  substances, including marijuana, cocaine and amphetamines/methamphetamines.  Because drugs do not remain in oral fluids as long as they do in urine, this  method shows promise in determining current use and impairment.
Sweat: Another type of drug test consists of a skin patch that  measures drugs in sweat. The patch, which looks like a large adhesive bandage,  is applied to the skin and worn for some length of time. A gas-permeable  membrane on the patch protects the tested area from dirt and other  contaminants. Although relatively easy to administer, this method has not been  widely used in workplaces and is more often used to maintain compliance with  probation and parole.
When drug testing is conducted?
There are a variety of circumstances under which an  organization may require a drug test. Following are the most common or  widespread:
Pre-Employment: Pre-employment testing is conducted to prevent  hiring individuals who illegally use drugs. It typically takes place after a  conditional offer of employment has been made. Applicants agree to be tested as  a condition of employment and are not hired if they fail to produce a negative  test. However, it is possible for employees to prepare for a pre-employment  test by stopping their drug use several days before they anticipate being  tested. Therefore, some employers test probationary employees on an unannounced  basis. Some states however, restrict this process. Furthermore, the Americans  with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 prohibits the use of pre-employment testing for alcohol use.
Reasonable Suspicion: Reasonable suspicion testing is similar  to, and sometimes referred to, as “probable-cause” or “for-cause” testing and  is conducted when supervisors document observable signs and symptoms that lead  them to suspect drug use or a drug-free workplace policy violation. It is  extremely important to have clear, consistent definitions of what behavior  justifies drug and alcohol testing and any suspicion should be corroborated by  another supervisor or manager. Since this type of testing is at the discretion  of management, it requires careful, comprehensive supervisor training. In  addition, it is advised that employees who are suspected of drug use or a  policy violation not return to work while awaiting the results of reasonable  suspicion testing.
Post-Accident: Since property damage or personal injury may  result from accidents, testing following an accident can help determine whether  drugs and/or alcohol were a factor. It is important to establish objective  criteria that will trigger a post-accident test and how and by whom they will  be determined and documented. Examples of criteria used by employers include:  fatalities; injuries that require anyone to be removed from the scene for  medical care; damage to vehicles or property above a specified monetary amount;  and citations issued by the police. Although the results of a post-accident  test determine drug use, a positive test result in and of itself cannot prove  that drug use caused an accident. When post-accident testing is conducted, it  is a good idea for employers not to allow employees involved in any accident to  return to work prior to or following the testing. Employers also need to have  guidelines to specify how soon following an accident testing must occur so  results are relevant. Substances remain in a person’s system for various  amounts of time, and it is usually recommended that post-accident testing be  done within 12 hours.
Random: Random testing is performed on an unannounced,  unpredictable basis on employees whose identifying information (e.g., social  security number or employee number) has been placed in a testing pool from  which a scientifically arbitrary selection is made. This selection is usually  computer generated to ensure that it is indeed random and that each person of  the workforce population has an equal chance of being selected for testing,  regardless of whether that person was recently tested or not. Because this type  of testing has no advance notice, it serves as a deterrent.
Periodic: Periodic testing is usually scheduled in advance and  uniformly administered. Some employers use it on an annual basis, especially if  physicals are required for the job. Such tests generally are more accepted by  employees than unannounced tests, but employees can prepare them by stopping  their drug use several days beforehand.
Return-to-Duty: Return-to-duty testing involves a one-time,  announced test when an employee who has tested positive has completed the  required treatment for substance abuse and is ready to return to the workplace.  Some employers also use this type of testing for any employee who has been  absent for an extended period of time.
Other: Other types of tests are also used by some employers.  For example, follow-up testing or post-rehabilitation testing is conducted  periodically after an employee returns to the workplace upon completing  rehabilitation for a drug or alcohol problem. It is administered on an  unannounced, unpredictable basis for a period of time specified in the  drug-free workplace policy. Another type of testing, blanket testing, is  similar to random testing in that it is unannounced and not based on individual  suspicion; however, everyone at a worksite is tested rather than a randomly  selected percentage. Other types of testing include voluntary, probationary, pre-promotion  and return-after-illness testing.
Department of Transportation
Anyone designated in DOT regulations as a safety-sensitive employee is subject to DOT drug and alcohol testing.
DOT Modes
  • FAA (Federal Aviation Administration)
  • FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier)
  • FRA (Federal Railroad Administration)
  • FTA (Federal Transit Administration)
  • PHMSA (Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety  Administration)
  • USCG (United States Coast Guard

DOT Mandated Testing
  • Pre-employment
  • Random
  • Reasonable Suspicion / Reasonable Cause
  • Post – Accident
  • Return-to-Duty
  • Follow-up


By: MyBackgroundCheck.com